2 References

26.3463GPPMultimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS)Protocols and codecsRelease 17TS

The following documents contain provisions which, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of the present document.

– References are either specific (identified by date of publication, edition number, version number, etc.) or non‑specific.

– For a specific reference, subsequent revisions do not apply.

– For a non-specific reference, the latest version applies. In the case of a reference to a 3GPP document (including a GSM document), a non-specific reference implicitly refers to the latest version of that document in the same Release as the present document.

[1] 3GPP TR 21.905: "Vocabulary for 3GPP Specifications".

[2] 3GPP TS 22.146: "Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service; Stage 1".

[3] 3GPP TS 22.246: "Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS) user services; Stage 1".

[4] 3GPP TS 23.246: "Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS); Architecture and functional description".

[5] 3GPP TS 25.346: "Introduction of Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS) in the Radio Access Network (RAN); Stage 2".

[6] IETF STD 0064/RFC 3550 (July 2003): "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications", H. Schulzrinne, S. Casner, R. Frederick, V. Jacobson.

[7] IETF STD 0006/RFC 0768 (August 1980): "User Datagram Protocol", J. Postel.

[8] IETF STD 0005/RFC 0791 (September 1981): "Internet Protocol", J. Postel.

[9] IETF RFC 3926 (October 2004): "FLUTE – File Delivery over Unidirectional Transport", T. Paila, M. Luby, R. Lehtonen, V. Roca, R. Walsh.

[10] IETF RFC 3450 (December 2002): "Asynchronous Layered Coding (ALC) Protocol Instantiation", M. Luby, J. Gemmell, L. Vicisano, L. Rizzo, J. Crowcroft.

[11] IETF RFC 3451 (December 2002): "Layered Coding Transport (LCT) Building Block", M. Luby, J. Gemmell, L. Vicisano, L. Rizzo, M. Handley, J. Crowcroft.

[12] IETF RFC 5052 (August 2007): "Forward Error Correction (FEC) Building Block", M. Luby, M. Watson, L. Vicisano.

[13] IETF RFC 3695 (February 2004): "Compact Forward Error Correction (FEC) Schemes", M. Luby, L. Vicisano.

[14] IETF RFC 4566 (July 2006): "SDP: Session Description Protocol", M. Handley, V. Jacobson and C. Perkins.

[15] IETF RFC 4570 (July 2006): "Session Description Protocol (SDP) Source Filters", B. Quinn, R. Finlayson.

[16] Void.

[17] IETF RFC 3048 (January 2001): "Reliable Multicast Transport Building Blocks for One-to-Many Bulk-Data Transfer", B. Whetten, L. Vicisano, R. Kermode, M. Handley, S. Floyd, M. Luby.

[18] IETF RFC 2616 (June 1999): "Hypertext Transfer Protocol — HTTP/1.1".

[19] IETF STD 0066/RFC 3986 (January 2005): "Uniform Resource Identifier (URI)".

[20] 3GPP TS 33.246: "3G Security; Security of Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS)".

[21] OMG: "Unified Modeling Language (UML), version 1.5" (formal/03-03-01).

[22] W3C Recommendation 28 October 2004: "XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes Second Edition".

[23] IETF RFC 5234 (January 2008): "Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF", D. Crocker and P. Overell.

[24] 3GPP TS 26.290: "Audio codec processing functions; Extended Adaptive Multi-Rate – Wideband (AMR-WB+) codec; Transcoding functions".

[25] 3GPP TS 26.304: "Floating-point ANSI-C code for the Extended Adaptive Multi-Rate – Wideband (AMR-WB+) codec".

[26] 3GPP TS 26.273: "Speech codec speech processing functions; Extended Adaptive Multi-Rate – Wideband (AMR-WB+) speech codec; Fixed-point ANSI-C code".

[27] Void.

[28] 3GPP TS 26.401: "General audio codec audio processing functions; Enhanced aacPlus general audio codec; General description".

[29] 3GPP TS 26.410: "General audio codec audio processing functions; Enhanced aacPlus general audio codec; Floating-point ANSI-C code".

[30] 3GPP TS 26.411: "General audio codec audio processing functions; Enhanced aacPlus general audio codec; Fixed-point ANSI-C code".

[31] W3C Recommendation 04 February 2004: "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.1", T. Bray, J. Paoli, C. Sperberg-McQueen, E. Maler, F. Yergeau and J. Cowan.

[32] 3GPP TS 26.244: "Transparent end-to-end streaming service; 3GPP file format (3GP)".

[33] IETF RFC 4867 (April 2007): "RTP Payload Format and File Storage Format for the Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) and Adaptive Multi-Rate Wideband (AMR-WB) Audio Codecs", J. Sjoberg, M. Westerlund, A. Lakaniemi, Q. Xie.

[34] IETF RFC 4352 (January 2006): "RTP Payload Format for the Extended Adaptive Multi-Rate Wideband (AMR-WB+) Audio Codec", Sjoberg J. et al.

[35] IETF RFC 6184 (2011): "RTP Payload Format for H.264 Video", Y.-K. Wang, R. Even, T. Kristensen, R. Jesup.

[36] Void.

[37] IETF RFC 2557 (March 1999): "MIME Encapsulation of Aggregate Documents, such as HTML (MHTML)", J. Palme, A. Hopmann, N. Shelness.

[38] IETF RFC 3890 (September 2004): "A Transport Independent Bandwidth Modifier for the Session Description Protocol (SDP)", M. Westerlund.

[39] IETF RFC 3556 (July 2003): "Session Description Protocol (SDP) Bandwidth Modifiers for RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) Bandwidth", S. Casner.

[40] 3GPP TS 24.008: "Mobile radio interface Layer 3 specification; Core network protocols; Stage 3".

[41] IETF RFC 3640 (November 2003): "RTP Payload Format for Transport of MPEG-4 Elementary Streams", J. van der Meer, D. Mackie, V. Swaminathan, D. Singer, P. Gentric.

[42] IETF RFC 1952 (May 1996): "GZIP file format specification version 4.3", P. Deutsch.

[43] ITU-T Recommendation H.264 (04/2013): "Advanced video coding for generic audiovisual services".

[44] Void.

[45] Void

[46] Void .

[47] 3GPP TS 26.234: "Transparent end-to-end streaming service; Protocols and codecs".

[48] 3GPP TS 26.071: "AMR speech codec; General description".

[49] 3GPP TS 26.090: "AMR speech codec; Transcoding functions".

[50] 3GPP TS 26.073: "AMR speech Codec; C-source code".

[51] 3GPP TS 26.104: "ANSI-C code for the floating-point Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) speech codec".

[52] 3GPP TS 26.171: "AMR speech codec, wideband; General description".

[53] 3GPP TS 26.190: "Mandatory Speech Codec speech processing functions AMR Wideband speech codec; Transcoding functions".

[54] 3GPP TS 26.173: "ANCI-C code for the Adaptive Multi Rate – Wideband (AMR-WB) speech codec".

[55] 3GPP TS 26.204: "ANSI-C code for the floating-point Adaptive Multi-Rate Wideband (AMR‑WB) speech codec".

[56] Scalable Polyphony MIDI Specification Version 1.0, RP-34, MIDI Manufacturers Association, Los Angeles, CA, February 2002.

[57] Scalable Polyphony MIDI Device 5-to-24 Note Profile for 3GPP Version 1.0, RP-35, MIDI Manufacturers Association, Los Angeles, CA, February 2002.

[58] "Standard MIDI Files 1.0", RP-001, in "The Complete MIDI 1.0 Detailed Specification, Document Version 96.1", The MIDI Manufacturers Association, Los Angeles, CA, USA, February 1996.

[59] Mobile DLS, MMA specification v1.0, RP-41 Los Angeles, CA, USA. 2004.

[60] Mobile XMF Content Format Specification, MMA specification v1.0, RP-42, Los Angeles, CA, USA. 2004.

[61] ITU-T Recommendation T.81 (1992) | ISO/IEC 10918-1:1993: "Information technology – Digital compression and coding of continuous-tone still images – Requirements and guidelines".

[62] C-Cube Microsystems (September 1992): "JPEG File Interchange Format", Version 1.02.

[63] CompuServe Incorporated (1987): "GIF Graphics Interchange Format: A Standard defining a mechanism for the storage and transmission of raster-based graphics information", Columbus, OH, USA.
See at http://www.dcs.ed.ac.uk/home/mxr/gfx/2d/GIF87a.txt.

[64] CompuServe Incorporated (1990): "Graphics Interchange Format: Version 89a", Columbus, OH, USA.

[65] IETF RFC 2083 (March 1997): "PNG (Portable Networks Graphics) Specification Version 1.0", T. Boutell.

[66] W3C Working Draft 27 October 2004: "Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.2", http://www.w3.org/TR/2004/WD-SVG12-20041027/.

[67] W3C Working Draft 13 August 2004: "Mobile SVG Profile: SVG Tiny, Version 1.2",

[68] Standard ECMA-327 (June 2001): "ECMAScript 3rd Edition Compact Profile".

[69] Void.

[70] ISO/IEC 10646-1 (2000): "Information technology – Universal Multiple-Octet Coded Character Set (UCS) – Part 1: Architecture and Basic Multilingual Plane".

[71] The Unicode Consortium: "The Unicode Standard", Version 3.0 Reading, MA, Addison-Wesley Developers Press, 2000, ISBN 0-201-61633-5.

[72] 3GPP TS 26.245: "Transparent end-to-end Packet switched Streaming Service (PSS); Timed text format".

[73] IETF RFC 4646: "Tags for the Identification of Languages".

[74] ISO 639: "Codes for the representation of names of languages".

[75] ISO 3166: "Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions".

[76] Void.

[77] 3GPP TS 23.003: "Numbering, addressing and identification".

[78] IETF RFC 5905, "Network Time Protocol Version 4: Protocol and Algorithms Specification", D. Mills, J. Martin, J. Burbank and W. Kasch, June 2010.

[79] OMA Push OTA Protocol (25-April-2001): WAP-235-PushOTA-20010425-a

[80] IETF RFC 3711 (March 2004): "The Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)", M. Baugher, D. McGrew, M. Naslund, E. Carrara, K. Norrman.

[81] Void.

[82] IETF RFC 4648: "The Base16, Base32, and Base64 Data Encodings", Josefsson S., Ed., October 2006.

[83] IETF RFC 3023: "XML Media Types", M. Murata, S. St.Laurent, D. Kohn, January 2001.

[84] IETF RFC 5905: "Network Time Protocol Version 4: Protocol and Algorithms Specification", D. Mills, June 2010.

[85] OMA OMNA Registered PUSH Application ID list

[86] 3GPP TR 26.936: "Performance characterization of 3GPP audio codecs".

[87] 3GPP TS 25.413: "UTRAN Iu interface Radio Access Network Application Part (RANAP) signalling".

[88] IETF RFC 2326: "Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP)", Schulzrinne H., Rao A. and Lanphier R., April 1998.

[89] Void.

[90] "Service Guide for Mobile Broadcast Services", Open Mobile Alliance, OMA-TS-BCAST_ServiceGuide-V1_1, Candidate Version 1.1 –14 Sep 2010.

[91] IETF RFC 5053 (October 2007): "Raptor Forward Error Correction Scheme for Object Delivery", M. Luby, A. Shokrollahi, M. Watson, T. Stockhammer.

[92] IETF RFC 5285: "A General Mechanism for RTP Header Extensions", D. Singer, H. Desineni, July 2008.

[93] IETF RFC 4396: "RTP Payload Format for 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Timed Text", Rey J. and Matsui Y., February 2006.

[94] OMA-ERELD-DM-V1_2-20070209-A: "Enabler Release Definition for OMA Device Management, Approved Version 1.2".

[95] 3GPP TS 26.430: "Timed Graphics".

[96] 3GPP TS 36.300: "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA) and Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN); Overall description; Stage 2".

[97] 3GPP TS 36.331: "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Radio Resource Control (RRC); Protocol specification".

[98] 3GPP TS 26.247: "Transparent end-to-end Packet-switched Streaming Service (PSS); Progressive Download and Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (3GP-DASH)".

[99] 3GPP TS 29.061: "Interworking between the Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) supporting packet based services and Packet Data Networks (PDN)".

[100] IETF RFC 6064: "SDP and RTSP Extensions Defined for 3GPP Packet-Switched Streaming Service and Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service", M. Westerlund, P. Frojdh, January 2011.

[101] Void.

[102] Void.

[103] Void.

[104] 3GPP TS 36.443: "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN); M2 Application Protocol (M2AP)".

[105] 3GPP TS 36.101: "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); User Equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception".

[106] IETF RFC6681, "Raptor FEC Schemes for FECFRAME," M. Watson, T. Stockhammer and M. Luby, August 2012.

[107] IETF RFC6363, "Forward Error Correction (FEC) Framework," M. Watson, A. Begen and V. Roca, October 2011.

[108] 3GPP TS 36.304: "User Equipment (UE) procedures in idle mode".

[109] "Mobile Location Protocol (MLP) ", Open Mobile Alliance, OMA-LIF-MLP-V3_1, Approved Version 3.1 – 20 Sep 2011.

[110] 3GPP TR 26.946: "Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS); User service guidelines".

[111] Void.

[112] ITU-T Recommendation H.265 (04/2013): "High efficiency video coding".

[113] IETF RFC 7798 (2016): "RTP Payload Format for High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC)", Y.-K. Wang, Y. Sanchez, T. Schierl, S. Wenger, M. M. Hannuksela.

[114] IETF RFC 1035 (November 1987): "Domain Names – Implementation and Specification", P. Mockapetris.

[115] 3GPP TR 26.906 Evaluation of HEVC for 3GPP Services (Release 12).

[116] ISO/IEC 23009-1:: 2019/Amd.1:2020: Information technology — Dynamic adaptive streaming over HTTP (DASH) — Part 1: Media presentation description and segment formats.

[117] 3GPP TS 29.214 "Policy and charging control over Rx reference point".

[118] 3GPP TS 23.271 "Functional stage 2 description of Location Services (LCS)".

[119] IETF RFC 5651: "Layered Coding Transport (LCT) Building Block", M. Luby, M. Watson, L. Vicisano.

[120] 3GPP TS 23.468, "Group Communication System Enablers for LTE (GCSE_LTE); Stage 2".

[121] 3GPP TS 29.468, "Group Communication System Enablers for LTE (GCSE_LTE); MB2 Reference Point; Stage 3".

[122] 3GPP TS 23.179. "Functional architecture and information flows for mission critical communication, services; Stage 2".

[123] 3GPP TS 24.379, "Mission Critical Push to Talk (MCPTT) call control Protocol specification".

[124] 3GPP TS 26.307, "Presentation Layer for 3GPP Services".

[125] 3GPP TS 26.116, "Television (TV) over 3GPP Services; Video Profiles".

[126] Standard ECMA-262, 5.1 Edition / June 2011, ECMAScript Language Specification.

[127] IETF RFC 6347 (January 2012): "Datagram Transport Layer Security Version 1.2".

[128] 3GPP TS 33.310, Network Domain Security (NDS); Authentication Framework (AF)

[129] 3GPP TS 29.116, "Representational state transfer over xMB reference point between Content Provider and BM-SC".

[130] IETF Internet-Draft, "JSON Schema: A Media Type for Describing JSON Documents", draft-wright-json-schema-01, April 15, 2017.

[131] 3GPP TS 24.116, "Stage 3 aspects of system architecture enhancements for TV services".

[132] 3GPP TS 24.117, "TV service configuration Management Object (MO)".

[133] IANA Multicast IPv4 Address Space Registry, https://www.iana.org/assignments/multicast-addresses/multicast-addresses.xhtml.

[134] IANA Multicast IPv6 Address Space Registry, https://www.iana.org/assignments/ipv6-multicast-addresses/ipv6-multicast-addresses.xhtml.

[135] IANA Service Name and Transport Protocol Port Number Registry, https://www.iana.org/assignments/service-names-port-numbers/service-names-port-numbers.xhtml.

[136] 3GPP TS 26.347, "Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS); Application Programming Interface and URL".

[137] IETF RFC 5795, "The Robust Header Compression (ROHC) Framework".

[138] IETF RFC 3095, "RObust Header Compression (ROHC): Framework and four profiles: RTP, UDP, ESP, and uncompressed".

[139] IETF RFC 5225, RObust Header Compression Version 2 (ROHCv2): Profiles for RTP, UDP, IP, ESP and UDP-Lite

[140] 3GPP TS 26.118, "3GPP Virtual reality profiles for streaming applications".

[141] 3GPP TS 23.180, "Common functional architecture to support mission critical services; Stage 2".

[142] 3GPP TS 23.379, "Functional architecture and information flows to support Mission Critical Push To Talk (MCPTT); Stage 2".

[143] 3GPP TS 26.348, "Northbound Application Programming Interface (API) for Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS) at the xMB reference point".

[144] IETF RFC 8216: "HTTP Live Streaming"

[145]  ISO/IEC 23000-19:2019 "Information Technology Multimedia Application Format (MPEG-A) – Part 19: Common Media Application Format (CMAF) for segmented media".[146] 3GPP TS 36.211, "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Physical channels and modulation".

[147] 3GPP TS 36.104, "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Base Station (BS) radio transmission and reception".

[148] ETSI TS 103 720 "5G Broadcast System for linear TV and radio services; LTE-based 5G terrestrial broadcast system".

[149] 3GPP TR 36.976 "Overall description of LTE-based 5G broadcast".

[150] 3GPP TS 26.511 "5G Media Streaming (5GMS); 5G Media Streaming (5GMS); Profiles, codecs and formats".

[151] 3GPP TS 26.512 "5G Media Streaming (5GMS); Protocols".

[152] IETF RFC 6335: "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Procedures for the Management of the Service Name and Transport Protocol Port Number Registry".

[153] IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority): "IPv4 Multicast Address Space Registry", https://www.iana.org/assignments/multicast-addresses/multicast-addresses.xhtml.

[154] IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority): "IPv6 Multicast Address Space Registry", https://www.iana.org/assignments/ipv6-multicast-addresses/ipv6-multicast-addresses.xhtml.